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The reason for founding the colony of Connecticut was for more religious and economic freedom. Early History. The Connecticut River was the first area settled in the 1630s. State of Connecticut. A timeline displaying the major events leading to Connecticut statehood, including its settlement by the Dutch, the origins of Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor, the founding of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies, and Connecticut's acquisition of a … Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. “Digitized Reprint - The Charter of Connecticut, 1662,” 2016. The settlers emulated many of the practices used in Massachusetts, but placed additional limitations on the governorâs powers and instituted more liberal voting standards. “The Indian & Colonial Research Center,” 2016. The 13 colonies were a group of settlements that became the original states of the United States of America . In 1614 a Dutchman named Adriaen Block became the first explorer of the Connecticut Valley. Following the “Great Migration” population grew and demand for land pushed settlers west and south., the settlers and their offspring spread out – first to the Connecticut Coast (see Native American Life in Massachusetts After European Contact – Pequot War ) and then up the Connecticut River Valley. Which colonial settlement is correctly paired with the reason it was founded? “The Avalon Project: Fundamental Orders of 1639,” 2016. It included a 73-mile-wide swath from Rhode Island to the Atlantic Ocean. In 1636, the English arrived when a large group of Puritans from Massachusetts led by Thomas Hooker founded the Colony of Connecticut at the city of Hartford. “Founding Documents of Connecticut - Warwick Patent Copy by John Winthrop, Jr., 1662, with Transcript,” 2016. They came looking for freedom of religion. The Connecticut Colony The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which became the state of Connecticut. In 1776 the 13 colonies declared their independence from Great Britain . One of the biggest reasons for settlers making the trip to America was ... CONNECTICUT COLONY. The Dutch concentrated their main settlement efforts on Manhattan Island and never made a serious effort to colonize Connecticut. “Colonial Connecticut Records 1636-1776,” 2016. Jamestown was the first permanent settlement in North America. Also What did these Colonies offer settelers ? University of Connecticut. What were the reasons for the Settlement of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Connecticut Colony, Rhode Island Colony, and New Hampshire Colony ? The Dutch asserted their claim to the lands, but the Massachusetts group, instead of retreating down river, sailed farther north and established a trading post at Windsor. At this time, another group of Puritans set up a trading post at the mouth of the Connecticut. This, in turn, created a good relationship between the two. New Haven was settled separately, but all joined together as Connecticut in 1662. “John Winthrop, Jr.,” 2016. In 1614, Adriaen Block explored the lands along the Connecticut River. Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled by the Puritans for religious reasons. In 1662 John Winthrop, Jr., governor of the Connecticut Colony since 1657, obtained a royal charter from King Charles II that gave the colony considerable self-government and control of New Haven Colony. They drafted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, sometimes cited as the first constitution written in America. It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. Georgia: Reasons for settlement The three reasons for settlement were Charity, Economics, and Defense. Detail from the map Novi Belgii Novaeque Angliae nec non partis Virginiae tabula multis in locis emendata per Nicolaum Vissche, ca. They found the Bay Colony lacking in the strict enforcement of moral standards and looked elsewhere for a new opportunity. What were 3 reasons … The first English settlers came in 1633 and settled at Windsor, and then at Wethersfield the following year. The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Connecticut General Assembly, and Tercentenary Commission of the State of Connecticut. Connecticut was formed as a migration from the Massachusetts colony. Connecticut State Library. “Research Guide to Colonial Witchcraft Trial Materials,” 2016. The Connecticut Colony grew over the years and by the middle of the 17th century incorporated Fairfield, Farmington, Middletown, New London, Norwalk, Saybrook and Stratford. The New Haven Colony Interesting Connecticut Colony Facts: The Connecticut Colony was founded by Puritans and there was no tolerance for other religions. Settlement did not occur until 1633, when a small fort was erected at the site of Hartford, then called New Hope. In 1639, representatives from Hartford, Wethersfield and Windsor met to establish a government for the growing settlements. The original settlements were along the Connecticut River at Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield. Security was a major concern of the four major New England colonies â Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Haven, all of whom refused to deal with independent-minded Rhode Island. Connecticut becomes a founding member of the New England Confederation. 1662 Rhode Island Puritanism's grip was strong in New Haven and the vote was restricted to church members, which rendered it considerably less democratic than the Connecticut colony. Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center. Until 1700 almost the only official action of the colonial government (General Court) in regard to town organization, was to authorize the town name, usually … CONNECTICUT TOWNS IN THE ORDER OF THEIR ESTABLISHMENT; WITH THE ORIGIN OF THEIR NAMES. The leaders of the settlements in Connecticut designed a document known as the Fundamental Orders. Pre-Colonization and Settlement Up Through 1763, land rights in what is now southeastern Connecticut, is established by John Davenport, Theophilus Eaton, and a group of fellow Puritans, Americaâs Most Devastating Conflict: King Philipâs War, John Ledyard, Connecticutâs Most Famous Traveler, An Orderly & Decent Government: Searching for the Common Good, 1776-1818, A Real Connecticut Yankeeâs Baseball Career Cut Short, The Importance of Being Puritan: Church and State in Colonial Connecticut, Video – When Disaster Struck: The Flood of 1936, Part I, William Edgar Simonds: A Schoolteacher Turned Civil War Hero, Over Time: Willington’s Historical Population. 1) Charity: King George II had his prisons filled with people who didn't deserve to be there, and he needed a place to put them, because the place was overflowing. The settlers were one of the first colonists to treat the Native Americans honestly and justly. Government Printing Office. The French, Indians and Dutch posed threats to these colonies. Yale Law School. Thomas Hooker, (born probably July 7, 1586, Markfield, Leicestershire, England—died July 7, 1647, Hartford, Connecticut [U.S.]), prominent British American colonial clergyman known as “the father of Connecticut.”Seeking independence from other Puritan sects in Massachusetts, Thomas Hooker and his followers established one of the first major colonies in Hartford, Connecticut. John HaynesÂ is chosen as Connecticut’s first governor. The move into the valley was part of a general movement out of the Massachusetts colony. The legislature passes the code of laws drawn up by Roger Ludlow. In 1639, three settlements joined to form a unified government creating a document called the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, the first written constitution in America. The settlements that developed along the Connecticut River in the 1630s were the result of a search for fertile farmland more than a search for religious freedom. The New Haven Colony was settled in 1638. Thomas Hooker, a preacher from Massachusetts, led his congregation to the river in search of rich farmland. Connecticut State Library. The Saybrook and Connecticut colonies unite. Dutch explorer Adriaen Block sails along the Connecticut coastline and up the, The Earl of Warwick signs the “Warwick Patent,” a deed of conveyance granting, The Dutch establish a fort, the House of (Good) Hope, at the modern-day location of, William Holmes, of the Plymouth Colony, establishes a trading post where the Farmington River meets the, Captain John Oldham establishes a settlement south of the Dutch in, The Colony of Connecticut is formed when the towns of. The New Haven orbit, including Branford, Guilford, Milford, Stamford and Southold permanent.... 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